Monday, September 20, 2010

Effect of reading Narayaneeya

The effect of reading different Daskams(Chapters) as mentioned in the Narayaneeyam book published by Giri Traders.

Dasakam Effect of reading it

2 Would be respected in heaven
12 Would get great positions
13 Would get wealth long life and fame
15 Would reach the lotus like feet of Vishnu
16 Would get long life , Committed sins would be destroyed
17 Dangers would be avoided
18 Would get victory, would be blessed with children
19 Would be blessed with detachment
22 Mind would not get attracted by bad actions
23 Would get rid of fear, sins would be destroyed
24 Would be blessed with detachment
25 Would be protected again dangers
26 Would get rid of sins , mind will be firm when dangers come
27. 28 Would be victorious in all jobs, would get great fame
30,31 Would get rid of all sins, would get salvation
32 All desires would be fulfilled
33 Devotion would increase
40 Devotion would increase
51 All wishes would be fulfilled
52 All wishes would be fulfilled
60 (1-3 stanza) Would get married quickly
69 Would get great devotion, ignorance would be wiped out
80 Sins would vanish, Gossip will not defame us
82 Would get victory in all jobs
83 All sins would vanish
85 Problems in life would vanish
87 Would get wealth, Would get detachment
88 Problems would get solved
89(Stanza 7-10) Would get salvation, problems would not occur
97 Would get detachment
100 Long life, happiness and health would result

Sunday, September 19, 2010

Dasakam 91-100 Translation

Dasakam 91-100

“Ramanarayana” translation
Of Narayaneeyam

Dasakam 91 The greatness of devotion to God

(The superiority of devotion as a method of attaining God is argued out in this chapter.)

Oh Lord Krishna , who is within all beings and the God who blesses even Devas,
I think the best remedy for removing fear of the dying man who becomes sad imagining That things which are not there exists, is the extolling of the virtues of your feet,
For only by such devotion all sort of fears one is subjected to can be removed,
And that is the reason why the devotee who practices the method of worships,
As taught by you does not dash on any thing , even if he runs due to illusion,
With closed eyes in a strange path that he is not accustomed to. 91.1

Oh divine God , due to the directions given by your power which is inside me,
All the acts that I do again and again either by my body or by my mind or by my words,
Are offered by me now to you and even though your devotee belongs to a lowly caste,
When he surrenders his mind, acts , words, sense organs, sensations due to them,
And his soul to you , he makes this world great and very much blessed,
But a Brahmin who is indifferent to your feet does not become blessed. 91.2

Fear is caused by a second something which is different from us and.
Is the result of imagination of the mind and so think,
Continuously that all things are only one and ,
Control as much as possible the activity of the brain and if,
In spite of it, the illusion affects the mind , control of the illusion,
Can only be done by praying to you who is immensely strong,
And oh God , I would get rid of all my fears like this. 91.3

Similar to the company of wealthy may lead one to be wealthy,
The birth and growth of devotion can only be attained ,
By the company of blessed people worshipping your feet,
And so God, please provide me company of such devotees without break,
And hearing your greatness which emerges from their mouth,
Would remove all my sins and I would develop strong devotion towards you. 91.4

For reaching the greatest goal of salvation , among the various methods,
Is the one through devotion and in this I will hear the stories of your incarnations,
Sing your name again and again clapping my hands
Which will melt my mind quickly and some times laugh loudly,
Sometimes cry and some times shout your names wildly,
And some other times sing and sometimes jump like a mad man,
And travel away from the routine of the very ordinary people,
Oh God, shower mercy on me to help me do that. 91.5

I salute the five elements like earth , which are you yourself,
The birds , fishes , animals and others, men , relations ,
Enemies and the entire universe made of these five elements,
And Oh Lord of the universe, by serving you I would get ,
Firm devotion, detachment and understanding that,
The knowledge that everything that we see is yourself ,
Without any effort due to your great mercy . 91.6

Due to my mind melting and merging with you , not getting tired,
By the life on earth involving feelings like hunger and thirst,
Always meditating on you and not leaving your feet even for a second,
And understanding that likes and dislikes are created illusions,
I would travel with a pleasant mind without any sorrow or joy,
Due the moon light showered on me by the crescent moons of your toe nails. 91.7

Suppose I have not attained suitability to understand the fact,
That all living things in this world are nothing but you, let me have,
Devotion to you , be friendly with your devotees,
Have mercy on the dim witted, and no enmity towards enemies,
Or at least let my enthusiasm to do worship on the idol of God,
With commitment and great attention, increase for a devotee ,
Like that I would soon get the superior position of your devotee. 91.8

Let me not be troubled by the illusion which hides your real form,
By the mirages like earth, water and air appear before me,
Which pushes beings to sorrow depending on their Karmic load,
Oh God of the universe , Sage Prabudha has told that the only way,
To conquer this illusion is the real and firm devotion to your feet . 91.9

By getting sufficient wisdom, by seeing the sufferings of living beings,
And understanding from a Guru the secret of your great form,
And by increasing devotion by hearing , telling and remembering your stories
And winning over illusion , I would enjoy the happiness of your divine feet,
As this is my first step and Oh Lord of Guruvayur , please cure my diseases. 91.10

Dasakam 92 The devotion mixed with action

(This chapter deals with the act of devotion mixed with rituals. Devotion is a superior and easier method in the Kali age)

Understanding that Vedas tell us that all actions are to be done,
Without attachment to fruits, Oh God , I completely dedicate ,
All the actions to you and escape from the attachment to them,
And I understand that I should not do anything prohibited by Vedas,
And suppose by chance I am forced to undertake any such prohibited actions,
I would also dedicate them to your very great divine brilliance. 92.1

Oh God, in the mode of worship that is different from that prescribed by Vedas,
I would visualize you in the pretty and purely cent percent Sathva aspect,
Which is agreeable to my mind using stone, mud or in my mind or elsewhere,
And along with the little amount of devotion that I have earned, offer you,
Clean flowers like Thulasi , scented substances like sandal paste and food offerings,
Regularly and through pure worship attain your blessings and grace. 92.2

I sympathize with women and low born who do not get an opportunity,
Of hearing or singing your stories and holy names but I am sad and pained,
About those twice born castes who , in spite of their having reached near your feet,
Are more interested in pleasures of life or sacrifice this great opportunity,
For the sake of earning their livelihood and in spite of being taught by you several times,
Do not care to understand your teachings and I am wondering within myself,
About all that these people can do due to pride coming out of wisdom and high birth.92.3

This great sinner to hide his evil acts shouts loudly “Rama, Krishna”,
So that is heard in all directions and due to his shameless shouting,
I am not able to say several things that I really want to say.
This my brother who has defeatist mentality acts as if he always prays Lord Vishnu,
And these non devotees make fun of your devotees ,
Who have surrendered their mind to you and please do not make me one of them. 92.4

In the Kritha yuga men please you , who is sage with white splendour, by penance,
In the Tretha yuga , they please you ,who is red and holding various accessories,
Of fire sacrifice in your hand by performing fire sacrifices,
In the Dwapara yuga they please you who is black in colour and,
Who holds conch, wheel and flower by performing thanthric worship,
But in Kali yuga they please you who is blue in colour,
By singing your names, and listening to your great tales. 92.5

Oh killer of Mura , Oh God who grants us everything,
Let there by glory to this Kali age for during this age , men get your blessings,
And your grace without much delay and very easily by singing your names,
Making people who were born in the other three ages long to be born in this age,
And fortunately we are born in this Kali age and Oh Lord,
Please do not make us get interested in the poison of worldly pleasures. 92.6

In the Kali age devotees are found everywhere more so in the Dravida region,
And even there more on the banks of Cauvery, Thamraparni , Kruthamala,
And on the banks of the very holy Neela *river and Oh Lord of Guruvayur,
Please do not tie me, who was born in this region and also possessing some devotion,
Tightly by the rope of worldly pleasures and help me,
Fulfill my desire of serving you always with devotion. 92.7
*Bharatha puzha of Kerala

Once a great king called Pareekshit took his sword,
To kill the hard hearted and cruel Kali but he being wise did not do it,
For in this age regular service to you and being with your devotees ,
Give results immediately but in case of evil acts the results are after long delay,
For this Kali is scared of your devotees and he afflicts them with diseases and poverty,
Even before they start singing about you so that they never do it,
And so Oh God this Kali is really very cruel and so please punish him. 92.8

Oh greatest among Gods, great sages have pointed out that Ganges, Bhgawad Gita,
Gayathri mantra, Tulasi leaf, Gopi Chandana, Saligrama , Ekadasi fasting,
And chanting of your holy names are the eight methods , which are easy to practice,
Lead to increase of your grace and ultimately lead one to salvation in this Kali age,
And so please grant me interest and desire to practice them with devotion 92.9

He who sacrifices all activities and surrenders to you , Oh God who is all beings,
Is not born as a debtor to devas, sages and manes , nor is he their slave,
And all the Karmic load that he inherits are wiped out by you living in his heart,
And so Oh Lord of Guruvayur , destroy my sorrows caused by sins committed by me,
And make my devotion to you perfect and ever living. 92.10

Dasakam 93 The twenty four Gurus

(The very interesting fact that anything or person will have some thing to teach you is brought out.)

Oh Lord, due to your mercy I shall renounce the attachments to relatives,
And after surrendering my soul in you , leaving out everything, I will travel,
And I would do both these acts after clearly understanding that world is an illusion,
And it is well known that due to the varied structure of illusion called Maya,
I am differentiating between good and bad and also do acts of assertion and negation,
And to the one who surrenders his intellect in you and have left the concept of problems,
These acts will never happen as it transcends such notions. 93.1

The animals whose only life requirement is to satisfy bodily wants,
Are too many and greatly numerous and man who is special among them,
Has a special intellect and to get to be born as man is indeed very difficult,
And even among these men, some of them become their own enemy or friend,
And friend is one who keeps his devotion in you and find a way out of all pain,
And enemy is the one who is not like that and suffers. 93.2

Oh universal God , who in this world cannot become
A Guru if your grace is there on him?
Does the earth shake though it is attacked by many people,
And from that I would learn the quality of patience,
I would understand from wind that , though I do have contact,
With many things I should not have any attachment with anything,
From the teacher called sky I would learn that even though,
Soul is in every being it should not get tainted by all that. 93.3

Like water I would be without dirt and wash away dirt from everything
And would be sweet for every one,
Like the fire in spite of eating different types of food,
I would not get affected by the food that I eat,
Like the fire that burns from different types of wood,
Being the same , I would understand my soul is no different ,
From the millions of the soul in this world,
From the growth and diminishing phase of the moon,
I would understand all changes are for the body,
And does not affect the soul inside and not only that,
By your grace I will understand that soul is same,
Though it appears different occupying different bodies. 93.4

Let me not destroy myself due to excessive attachment ,
Like the dove which perished at the hands of the hunter,
Due to its excessive love to its children,
Like a python I will learn to eat whenever I get food,
And starve and bear it when no food is available,
Like an ocean I would be serene and deep,
Like the firefly let me not fall in the fire,
Of love and wealth and perish,
Let me be like a bee and extract the essence out of things,
And let me not accumulate wealth like a bee and perish because of it. 93.5

Let me not be attracted by fair sex like a male elephant,
Which is imprisoned by getting attracted by a she elephant,
I should not go on accumulating very great wealth,
For like the hunter taking away the honey,
Some one would definitely snatch it away from me,
Let me not get bewitched like the deer getting attracted by flute music,
Let me not show great attachment for food and get trapped like a fish,
Let me be like the courtesan Pingala leave away desires and sleep soundly,
And let Oh God let not some one kill me for the attachment to wealth,
Like the Karara bird being killed for the meat , it never leaves. 93.6

Like a small child , not spoiled by pride I would live without problems,
Oh God, Like a solitary bangle without any company , leaving out,
The sound of conversation , I would start living,
Like a mechanic making arrows not hearing the sound of procession of the king,
I would concentrate my mind on you and lead a life without knowing any other thing,
Like a snake staying in the rat hole, I would live in houses made by others. 93.7

I understood from the spider that you merge yourself with the world created by you,
I would understand from the hunter that I would become like you , if I think of you,
This body dirty from birth to death and
Which turns to ashes after death is a good teacher,
If we examine properly that body makes us understand the wisdom,
Of the difference between soul and non soul and also teaches renunciation,
And to me , my body affected by many diseases teaches wisdom and detachment. 93.8

Alas, alas, Oh Lord of Guruvayur , please drive away my attachment to my body,
For being in love with this body and thinking of home, wealth , wife and children,
All people completely forget your lotus like feet , knowing well that this body,
After death would definitely become that of fire or that of dog, and even now,
When they are alive the these five sense organs drag them here and there,
But never lead them to your lotus like feet. 93.9

But now I find it very difficult to leave this attachment to my body,
Oh God with lotus like eyes, please cure all the afflictions of my body,
And make strong in me, the devotion to your lotus like feet,
And most certainly , do not push this my Brahmin’s body,
Which was got after very many manifold births,
And which would help one get salvation,
In to the very base attraction of trivial worldly pleasures,
And Oh Lord of Guruvayur , please protect me. 93.10

Dasakam 94 The generation of wisdom of philosophy

(How a wise man gets philosophical approach in him is described)

Those who are made pure by actions without attachment to their fruits,
And those who have become pure by observing acts of Dharma,
From the teachings of the great Guru , gain knowledge about your form,
Which is very distinct from the body as well as the sense organs,
And which is every where and which is called the supreme Brahmam,
And the fact that properties like stoutness , thinness , diversity and so on,
Which are attributed to you , who is the divine supreme Brahman,
Arise out of the association of yourself with some distinct body,
And is similar to fire being called small , big , bright or dim. 94.1

The greatly shining fire of wisdom produced by churning of the base stick,
Called teacher by the upper fire stick called disciple ,
Burns the misconception that this physical world is real,
And also the delusions caused by past deeds and the body that it creates,
And when there is nothing else is left to be burnt , that fire of wisdom is put out,
And in that state definitely one becomes identical with the divine supreme God. 94.2

Except for the realization of the God , when you become one with it,
There exists no other method whatsoever to remove all sorrows and distress,
For methods such as cure of diseases by chants, the six tactics adopted ,
By kings to deal with their enemies and eight fold concepts of Yoga,
Are not quite effective like this method , and even if some results are realized,
Those who perform them forget you completely due to pride of their achievement ,
And when they reach this baser state ,they would suffer countless sorrows. 94.3

Oh Padmanabha , There are no other worlds which are fear free like Vaikunta,
At the time of deluge even the Brahma gets scared in Sathya loka ,
Due to his being completely engulfed in your divine form, and when this is so,
What would the fate of the householders who do actions devoid of Dharma ,
And have earned in their life endless sufferings and so Oh God,
Who blesses , who is the friend of the oppressed and a sea of mercy,
I request you alone to cut off all my attachments completely. 94.4

Oh Lord , actually I being a part of the divine you , there is nothing,
Called attachment or salvation to me and the feelings to me that exist,
Are but the mirages created by the illusion of your subtle powers,
And are similar to the state of dream and wakefulness,
And it is a fact that the difference between one who is attached ,
And one who is detached is only like the difference between these states,
And while the attached one enjoys pleasures sitting on the tree called body,
The detached one who enjoys the ever lasting joy ,
Does not enjoy the fruits called worldly life and so is not attached. 94.5

What is the point of describing that state of the freedom of the soul,
For such a state is far, far away to any one with an unclean mind,
And it is for sure that this state of the mind cannot be attained,
By anything other than devotion to you , and so Oh Lord Vishnu,
Please bless me with staunch devotion to you where,
I surrender everything to you, using which , I would speedily,
Get salvation with minimum teaching from a Guru. 94.6

There are some others who completely believe only in Vedic sayings,
And alas Oh God, they are not understanding , that they are working unnecessarily,
For those who carry those sayings which do not give rise to devotion,
Are like those who are breeding a cow which is barren,
And Oh God , let me not read any of those words that does not mention,
The stories of your pretty incarnations which are divine and capable of destroying sins,
And also describe your form of supreme divine joy. 94.7

Oh God who is everywhere, I do not know any thing of your form, your importance ,
And your activities and this is certain , Oh God who gave salvation to even Shishupala,
Even at this stage let my mind not waver and let me with great attention ,
Pray Only you and be able to see and touch your idols as well as your devotees,
And let my mind be engaged in your worship, salutation, prayer,
And singing of your great qualities always. 94.8

Oh God , I am your servant and let me offer you all that I get in my hand,
Let me be able to again and again be able to do lowly services in your temple,
And I worship you in the shining four formed form which shines,
In the Sun, Fire , Brahmin and the Soul and let my mind melt in the love of God,
Always without stop and turn in to a continuous flow. 94.9

Merging to become one with you cannot be easily be obtained by charity,
Fire sacrifice, penance and rituals and the very blessed Gopis, obtained
That great state of bliss by their simple whole hearted devotion to you,
And even though there are many other devotees , you seem,
To give much more importance and recognition to these Gopa maidens,
Hey Krishna, hey Lord of Guruvayur , so please make me your staunch devotee,
And also be kind enough to remove and cure al my diseases. 94.10

Dasakam 95 The method of Dhyana (meditation)

(The merits of the technique of meditation is stressed.)

Oh God who gave birth to this universe, at the time of the formation of this world,
You were in the body of Hiranya Garbha who is the universal form of all beings,
And later attained the state of living beings with three characteristics,
Due to illusion and kept on increasing till you attained the state of devotion,
And later destroyed the other two qualities by the Sathva aspect and later destroyed,
Even the Sathva aspect and later became the God,
Without any support whatsoever and without any properties. 95.1

Oh God who is everywhere, even when sathva aspect increases, in spite ,
Of the knowledge that attraction to mundane pursuits is not good,
When the Thamas aspect mingled with Rajas aspect increases greatly,
The mind turns to the mundane aspects uncontrollably,
Added to it is the fact that the mind and these aspects are very much related,
And so to prevent them the only way is to have staunch devotion,
To you who is the fourth aspect, and this has been told you in the form of a swan. 95.2

For the people wedded to rituals several means of fulfillment are there,
But Oh Lord Krishna , they lead to trivial joy or that which is temporary,
And you have taught your friend Udhava that the best possible method,
Of attaining you is only through the path of devotion and to the worldly ones,
The joy that they attain when they sing about you is indeed matchless. 95.3

To the one who attains a joyous mind through devotion to you,
There would not by any other desires and he would see only joy everywhere,
Like a world appearing full of water to the one who lies inside the pond,
And that type of devotee does not desire for heaven of Indra,
Sathyaloka of Brahma nor occult powers which makes the mind happy,
And not only that he does not even desire the salvation which comes automatically. 95.4

Due to not being able to control the sense organs , even when momentary pleasures
Attack your devotee due to the repeated attacks of devotion ,
Those pleasures get weakened and would not be able to win over the devotee,
For ,similar to the raging fire completely burning away heaps of firewood,
When the collection of your devotion completely burns away sins,
How long can the false pride of sense organs last? 95.5

How can the mind get pure without melting of the mind ,
Thrill of the body, and tears of joy ?
What benefit can one without devotion get by doing penance or acquiring knowledge?
If the divine collyrium of enjoyment got out of knowing your divine stories,
Keeps on cleaning the mind this soul can clearly see the inner truth,
And this inner truth cannot be attained by any amount of reading Shastras. 95.6

I would practice the art of meditating on you by sitting straight on a seat,
Kept on a plane surface and then concentrating my sight on the tips of my nose,
Followed by winning the breath by practicing Pranayama technique,
Imagining that the inverted lotus of the heart as turned up,
And visualizing Sun, moon and fire above its tip and in the middle of that,
Meditating on your form which is black like a water rich cloud. 95.7

I would meditate on you with a short glistening hair,
With pretty ear globes in the form of a fish,
With the face with a gentle smile tinged with mercy,
With the garland of forest flowers illuminated by the Kausthubha gem,
With the mark called Sri Vathsa , pretty hands, the soft shining belly,
With the gold like robe , the lovely fleshy thighs and charming tender feet. 95.8

Oh God, with my mind running all over your limbs again and again,
I would fix my mind on your lotus like smiling face in between those limbs,
And when my mind melts and merges with the non dual divine Brahman in you,
Without thinking on any other thing, I would merge in Samadhi with you. 95.9

Oh killer of Mura , If I am able to master this eight fold technique,
The famous occult powers like Anima and powers like distant hearing,
Would fight with each other to come under my absolute control,
But I would not bother about any of them because they would cause delay,
In my reaching you and I would only wish you full of divine bliss,
And Oh Lord of Guruvayur , Please save me from all my pains. 95.10

Dasakam 96 Power centers of God and Bhakti, Jnana, Karma Yoga.

(God is everywhere but he is more so in certain things and places. Such centers are identified.)

Oh Lord of infinite glory, Oh Lord who is the universe itself.
You are the divine Brahmam , you are letter “Aa” among the alphabets,
You are “Om” among the mantras, You are Swayabhuva Manu among kings,
You are sage Bhrugu as well as sage Narada among the saints,
You are Kamadhenu among cows, You are Prahlada among asuras,
You are Garuda among birds , You are Adhi Sesha among the serpents,
And not only that You are river Ganges among the rivers. 96.1

Among the devotees of Brahmins you are king Mahabali,
Among the sacrifices you are the sacrifice of chant,
Among the heroes you are Arjuna himself, among devotees you are Udhava,
You are the strength of the strong, luster of those lustrous beings,
There is no end to your glorious power, all that excel are you yourself,
You are the Purusha (soul) as well as Nature and in this world,
There is no thing at all which is not you. 96.2

Those who with devotion carry out the Dharma prescribed to different Varnas,
As well as that Of a Brahmachari after completely dedicating their actions to you,
When detachment increases in their mind , leave out such actions,
And realize that they are themselves the divine Brahmam which has the form,
Of existence, consciousness and bliss, which is same in all materials and beings,
And which is the cause as well as not the cause for the entire universe,
And also get the real knowledge of you who is pure and great. 96.3

The three paths of Jnana Yoga, Bhakthi Yoga and Karma yoga are the methods,
Of this world to reach you who is the divine Brahmam, and among the three,
Jnana Yoga is meant for those people who get detachment and dispassion,
But for those who are attached to this world , the method prescribed is Karma Yoga,
But for those who do not have great attachment and also do not have great detachment,
And get devoted to you by the narration of stories of your greatness,
It is well known that the path prescribed for them is Bhakthi Yoga. 96.4

Human beings are easily blessed with knowledge of philosophy,
Or devotion to you depending on the good deeds that they do,
And so Oh God, people who live in heaven or in hell.
Are very desirous of being born as human beings,
For in the human body which is like a ship to cross the life,
The souls enter due to their luck , and make their Guru as the captain of the ship,
And you God become the favourable wind and help them cross the sea of life. 96.5

Those who wish to adopt the path of Jnana adopt the study of Upanishads,
And also the meemamsa scriptures search for Brahmam that is invisible,
Which is very difficult and get salvation after passing through several births,
And Karma Yoga stands far , far away from the goal of salvation,
But this Bhakthi yoga is sweet to the mind from very beginning,
And path that leads to you very speedily and oh God,
And let this Bhakthi Yoga flourish within me. 96.6

Sage Vyasa says that an attempt at Jnana yoga without devotion is waste,
But the one who learns about supreme soul from the teacher ,
And attains stead fast devotion to you , gets salvation in his palm,
But due to instability of mind , the accusation that it is difficult to follow,
The path of devotion applies equally to the path of Jnana also ,
And it is relatively easy to master the technique of meditation,
Due to your mercy as well as constant practice by the devotee. 96.7

Oh Lord of the universe , To me who does not have interest ,
In the very difficult process of Yaga but has interest in,
Hearing the stories of your praise and being not capable of,
Sacrificing home , children and also friends due to attachment,
I would concentrate my mind on you with the firm belief,
Again and again , but serving the passions aware that it is bad,
And follow the path of devotion , for if you live in my heart,
All the attraction towards craving of pleasures would die. 96.8

Once there was a Brahmin who when he lost all his hard earned wealth,
Became one with a mind full of the dirt of anger and hatred,
And consequently was shunned by the society at large,
And told like this, “ The reason for my sorrow is not,
Outsiders, time , action or effect of planets like Sun,
But I am sure my mind is the reason for it and that mind does all actions,
Insinuating the capacity of action as well as consumption on the soul,”
And then he became extremely serene and attained you easily,
Oh Lord please also bless me with that type of serenity. 96.9

Once upon a time there was king called Pururuvas who was infatuated,
With a celestial lady called Urvasi and after serving her for a long time,
Attained detachment and concluded that the carnal pleasures are insignificant,
And again and again sang about this conclusion of his and later
Became full, by earning devotion to you and also divinely happy and attained salvation,
And oh Lord of Guruvayur ., please make me detached of minor pleasures,
And also make me your great devotee and alas the problem standing in my way,
In attainment of this are my diseases and so destroy all my illnesses. 96.10

Dasakam 97 The prayer for model devotion and story of Markandeya.

(devotion is explained with a model devotion of sage Markandeya.)

Knowledge, faith , doer , home, action and different types of food,
Fall in to the mixture of three Gunas, Sathwa, Rajas and Thamas,
And so the world consists of different types classified as good, medium and bad,
But in this world , your temple and your prayers and all those concerning you,
Stand based on the property less Brahmam and so depending on that,
Within no time , I shall attain perfection and reach divinity. 97.1

Hey God, Keeping my mind fixed on you and spending this life,
Offering thought words and action as an offering to you,
Going to pilgrimage to those holy places which are worshipped,
By your present day devotees and those who have lived earlier,
Treating a thief, a Brahmin and animals in a equal manner,
Leaving out insults competition, and jealousy from life,
I would worship always you in all beings where ever you exist. 97.2

Till my mind firmly and truly recognizes that a Brahmin and a thief,
Are different forms of yourselves, I would continue worshipping you,
Always as indicated earlier till I get to know that the soul is one entity,
And spend all my life with you only , Oh God , once this Dharma,
Of a devotee is started it will never , ever die out and so,
Oh Lord of the universe , whatever happens please,
Grant me this very interesting path of devotion and bless me. 97.3

To bring to practice this path of devotion that I have been telling,
Oh God, I need health as well as a long life, luckily,
For that all I need to do is to surrender to your lotus like feet,
And wonder of wonders ,this is like drinking milk to cure diseases,
For instance when Marakandeya came to know that according to planets,
His life span would last only for a period of twelve years,
He spent one full year singing your praises with concentration,
And managed to drive away death by the help of your soldiers. 97.4

Markandeya thus gained very long life, and being attracted by incomparable bliss,
He spent six periods of different Manus by concentrating his mind deeply in you,
In the banks of the river Pushpa Bhadra and the seventh king of the devas,
Tried to entice that sage by sending celestial maids, gentle breeze and the God of love,
But since they all wilted in the heat of the great penance of Markandeya ,
He failed miserably and Oh God who ever has so far conquered your devotees? 97.5

When things were like that you who along with your friend Nara,
Very much wanted to see Markandeya and paid a visit to him,
And that Markandeya praised you continuously by several prayers,
But refused any boons from you , though you were prepared to give any boon,
And when you compelled him, he requested you to show him Maya(illusion),
For he being a sage without any desire and mind filled with devotion,
Was not aware of the sorrow caused by Maya and wanted to see it,
Out of his simple curiosity and sense of wonder. 97.6

As soon as you left that place , from the thick clouds shaken and flown fast,
By huge cyclones and storms, rain poured and filled the seven seas,
And the entire earth was covered by floods and Markandeya floated in it,
For billions of years and was troubled by it and saw at a distance you,
As a small baby black in colour, keeping its thumb in his mouth
And lying on a banyan leaf and floating in that water making him greatly surprised. 97.7

That king of sages was thrilled from head to feet on seeing you,
And with a desire to touch you , speedily went near you,
And he was sucked inside you through your inhalation,
And there inside he saw the entire universe,
And later he came out through the process of exhalation,
And fell down and you showered your glance on him,
And that sage who was extremely elated wanted to hug you,
And then you disappeared from there and everything became as before. 97.8

Later Lord Shiva wanted to see your favourite devotee and he came,
Along with Goddess Parvathi and appeared in front of Sage Markandeya,
And he blessed that sage with agelessness and immortality and other powers,
Without the sage asking him and Lord Shiva went back to his place.,
And this proves that even that enemy of God of love can only be pleased,
By serving you and this clearly proves that you are the sacred trinity,
And the one God who controls every body. 97.9

In the Sathya Loka divided in to three parts , worlds belonging to Brahma,
Vishnu and Shiva are one over another and on the top of that,
Is Vaikunta which is completely free of illusion called Maya,
You shine there , in the primeval waters as well in Gokula,
As the form filled up with only sathva trait , having a form,
Which is different from that of Brahmam a mixture of Sath and Chith,
And oh Lord of Guruvayur , please cure all my diseases. 97.10

Dasakam 98 Meditating on the property less Brahmam

( The difficulties in concentrating on God the concept without any form is brought out.)

Oh Lord Krishna , My salutations to you , how can any one know,
Your real form which is not even understood by devas and great sages,
Which is far , far away from not only words but also mind,
And which is the power by which the entire visible world shines,
And this world which shines in you, was born out of you and will merge with you,
And is the form of yourself while you stand separately from it. 98.1

Though you do not have birth, actions, name and also different attributes,
You assume all of them independently for the good of the world through Maya,
Taking in to your control, knowledge and ignorance though you are formless,
Due to your being innately miraculous , you shone in various forms,
And Oh God , I salute you who is full of divine joy and the form of salvation. 98.2

Your form is not animals, birds, human beings, devas, asuras male or female,
Your form is not wealth, actions, caste , characters, existing and not existing,
So say the people who know you and they say that you are the one who would,
Still remain at the end , when we keep on rejecting things as not yourself,
And you are the one recognized by several sayings of the Upanishads ,
With great difficulty by your definitions as the divine supreme being,
And you shine in that form and my salutations to you. 98.3

As an image reflected in Maya you create the entire universe employing,
Intellect , ego differences, the senses of sound, touch form , taste and smell,
As well the five elements, the eleven sense organs , as projected in a state of dream,
And at the time of deluge like a tortoise drawing its legs within himself ,
Using your soul which has the power of destruction you destroy everything,
By drawing all of them with in you and then you shine as the divine joy,
In the all enveloping terrible darkness but without any relation to the baser qualities,
And My salutations to you , who is having such properties. 98.4

Oh God , According to all people of different and diverse opinions,
You are the only primeval cause , imagined as the ultimate soul, also
You are the primeval sound , the result of all actions and the indivisible atom,
And the Vedanta philosophy describes you as the spirit, the supreme being , intelligence,
As well as the soul and you carry out the creation by a mere glance,
And Oh Lord Krishna , my salutations to you. 98.5

Existing or non existing or being problematic to decide whether existing or non existing,
Is this rope of ignorance which is assumed and identified as the snake by many,
And this world is similar to that as it appears as existing to all of us,
And this same illusion , under the presence of the tide of the divine mercy,
When we slowly start understanding the implication of Vedic philosophy,
Becomes the great axe of wisdom and helps us to clear the forest of life,
And Oh God who is everything, my salutations to you. 98.6

When we think about the principle of the world, like the Gold in the case of ornaments,
Like the clay in case of pot and other earthen vessels , the Brahmam in you,
Which is without any second in this world shines lustrously,
And like a man realizing the truth after waking up after the dream ,
And like the realization about the rope after the day break,
When ignorance is removed, the real truth in the principle,
Would become clear and shine, Oh Krishna my salutations to you. 98.7

The reason for the sun shining , fire burning and wind blowing,
And gods like Brahma doing the jobs like sacrifices allotted them efficiently,
Is the fear that they have in you and all of them were appointed,
In the places that they occupy by you and Oh Krishna,
Who is the great God controlling everything, our salutations to you. 98.8

Using the three yogas namely Jnana, Karma and Bhakthi, I sing about you,
Who creates this world inlaid with the three Gunas Sathva, Rajas and Thamas,
Who is the meaning of the sacred sound Aum formed by three letters,
Who is the unified form of three Gods namely Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva,
Who has the form that is praised by three Vedas Rik, Yajur and Sama,
Who knows the three states of human beings namely waking up , sleep and dream,
Who has taken incarnations in the three ions namely Thretha, Dwapara and Kali,
Who has taken measurement of the three worlds in his Vamana incarnation,
And who does not change in the three periods namely past, present and future. 98.9

Victory to the spot less and taintless form of yours which is truth and pure,
Which is ever wakeful , which is not related with anything,
Which is divine and does not have any wishes whatsoever,
Which is without any second and without any emotions,
Which shines due to the presence of all good qualities,
Which does not have a cause and does not have any emotions,
Which does not have any end , which shines with infinite glory,
Which is innately present in the minds of great sages practicing Samadhi,
And which has incomparable joy within it, which has a shining form. 98.10

May not, your very powerful wheel of time with twelve spokes,
Three hundred and sixty teeth and which rotates with immeasurable speed,
And which drags forcefully this world and which cannot be stopped by any one,
Cause any harm to me, who does not have any support except your feet,
Hey Lord Vishnu, Hey ocean of mercy, Hey Lord of Guruvayur,
Please save me from all diseases and give me protection. 98.11

Dasakam 99 The prayer of the Vedas

(Mst of the stanzas contain quotations from the Vedas.)

Who will narrate the greatness of Lord Vishnu?
Who is there to count the atoms of the entire earth?
With which Vishnu’s feet this earth was measured and was filled with wealth?
Which Maha Vishnu wears all the earth?
This me who is here, should reach the place of Mahavishnu
Which is very great and is very dear to me as your devotees,
Enjoy divine bliss there and there is flow of nectar in that place. 99.1

That devotee ,who with devotion in his mind worships through
Yagas and worship by offering oblations in Homa,
That great Vishnu who existed much before the creation of the world,
Who created the world , who is new every moment of time,
And who rules over wealth or describes the great incarnation of Krishna,
Is the only one who would live with joy and fame and would reach,
At the end of life Vaikunta your place of residence speedily. 99.2

Oh great poets, who write the poems of praise, please praise ,
Lord Vishnu who is the essence of Vedas ,as you understand him here,
By narrating clearly his story and exploits and also tell his names,
After understanding them as the ones which causes comfort to everyone,
And Oh Lord Vishnu , let me attain the wisdom of philosophy. 99.3

Please meditate on those actions by which
That greatly effulgent Vishnu established the Dharma,
And also on his deeds for promoting welfare of Indra by becoming ,
His dear friend as well as his servant and on the great abode of his,
Which is constantly meditated and seen always by great sages,
And is described in detail by great Brahmins with enthusiasm,
In the great poems of praise composed by them . 99.4

Oh God Vishnu , all those who are already born and also those ,
Who are going to be born have not yet found the limit of your greatness,
And understanding their greatness , I again and again chant your names,
I also praise you with several prayers, you who live in Vaikunta,
Which is shining above all these three worlds. 99.5

Oh God, The water which was there at the start of creation,
Held first in its womb, you , the Narayana who sleeps on water,
And the individual souls joined together and merged with this form of yours,
Oh Lord, on the naval of yours who does not have any birth,
A lotus flower was born and that flower which had the directions as petals,
And Maha Meru mountain as its pericarp and it was called as world. 99.6

Oh World , you do not know that this world was created by Lord Vishnu,
And also that within your heart there is another image of Vishnu,
And in spite of that fact you spend your time ,
With illusion covering your mind like a film of snow,
With thoroughly misunderstanding the names and forms,
With the mind and body satisfied with pleasure of senses,
And with interest in rituals like Yaga but with no interest in Vishnu. 99.7

Oh Lord you have thousands of heads, eyes and feet,
And though you are everywhere in the world and also outside it,
You shine well even in the mind with a very small opening,
And Oh Lord who is the divine Purusha,
You are all that is past and all that is going to happen,
And not only that , though you are pervading in body and senses,
You are much above them and enjoy the supreme bliss of liberation 99.8

Due to that reason by which , though you assume the form of the three worlds,
You exist outside it as the endless and purest knowledge ,
And your greatness is indeed wonderful for only a very small part of yourself,
Is seen occupying all the three worlds and the rest of it,
Which is nearly three fourth of the whole shines above the three worlds,
Oh Lord my salutations to you who is like that. 99.9

I find it difficult to understand that abstract form of yours which is not clear,
But find it very easy to comprehend that pure Sathva form of yours,
Which is equivalent to the waves of the great ocean of nectar,
And due to that greater than everything that I perceive here,
And very pleasant to my mind and I surrender to that form of yours,
Oh Lord of Guruvayur , Oh Krishna, please protect me quickly. 99.10

Dasakam 100 Description of God from head to foot.

(This is the last chapter of Narayaneeyam. This describes the poets description of God as he saw him in front of his eyes while writing this chapter. The last line of Narayaneeyam is “Long life, Health and happiness.”)

In front of me, I see a halo of light,
As pretty as a very dense bed of blue lilies,
Which made me feel that I have been,
Drenched by a shower of the sweet nectar,
And then I saw in between that light the form of a divine lad,
Who was pretty due to the budding of adolescence,
Who was experiencing the thrill of supreme bliss,
As seen by his hair standing erect on all his limbs
Who was surrounded by Narada and other sages,
As well as by a bevy of extremely pretty damsels,. 100.1

I am seeing your big bundle of blue tresses,
Which is curly, dense, pure and pretty,
Which is tied together by a garland of Mandhara flowers,
Which is extremely pretty due to your crest jewels,
Which is encircled with a cluster of peacock feathers,
With their shining and glistening eyes,
And I also see your pretty forehead,
Comparable to the crescent moon on the fifth day*,
On which there is a white vertical sandal paste. 100.2.
*after the new moon

Oh Lord , let your eyes ,which cools the entire world by its merciful looks.
Which are made more prettier by your eye bows which move,
Like the small tides of the completely filled ocean of mercy,
Which are further made prettier by the black gleaming eye lashes,
Which eyes are having the shape petals of red lotus,
And within those eyes are the extremely pretty pupils,
May be turned on me who does not have any one except you. 100.3

Let me able to see clearly your very sweet face ,
With a well raised and shining nose,
With the pair of shining gem ear studs
In the shape of fish worn on your pretty ears,
Whose reflection on your blue sapphire cheeks
Shines as it moves hither and thither,
And with a gentle smile between
The slightly parted red cherry lips of yours,
Revealing the sparkling rows of your white teeth . 100.4

May you cool my ears with the nectarine divine music,
Consisting of very sweet and well played melodies,
Which cools the entire world , emanating from,
The holes of the flute held by your two red soft hands,
Which are decorated by the bangles inlaid with precious gems,
And which have acquired a multi coloured hue due to contact of your fingers,
And which is kept very near your lotus like face ,
By the shifting touches of your radiating fingers . 100.5

I meditate on your very pretty neck made red by the,
Radiating Kausthubha gem worn by you,,
And also on your chest made very pretty by the Sri Vathsa,
Where you have worn several moving gem studded necklaces,
And also garlands made of multi coloured forest flowers ,
As well as blossoms over which many bees hover round and round. 100.6

I meditate on you who attracts ever one by the applied fragrances ,
Coming out of the five scented pastes which spreads everywhere,
Who sports a small waist though all the universes are lying there,
Who wears an yellow silk dazzling in its gold colour,
Over which are overlaid the blue sapphire stones,
And who wears the shining gem studded waist belt,
Decorated with tinkling bells emitting brilliant rays of light. 100.7

I sing about your pretty well proportioned shining thighs,
Which are capable of stealing the mind of Lakshmi,
And are always covered by yellow silk , possibly,
Out of fear that the mind of world would get agitated,
And salute your two knees which appear as if ,
They are two pretty caskets , where all the things,
Which can be wished or demanded by your devotees ,
Who salute you are kept stored, and also salute,
Your fleshy well tapered and pretty forelegs. 100.8

I meditate on your anklets which by the sweet noise it produces,
Seems to tell your devotees that singing about your feet would do good,
And the upper part of your feet which are like a tortoise ,
Which lifted the Mandara mountain lifts high,
The minds of the devotees who are getting drowned in illusion,
And also meditate on the auspicious rows of your toes,
Which have a raised middle and shine with light red colour,
And by the light of crescents on them removes,
The darkness of sorrow of your devotees and also does them good. 100.9

Oh God, Oh Lord of Guruvayur , Oh Krishna, Oh ocean of mercy,
Let the soles of your feet which is the sweetest part of your body,
To the great sages, which is the place of those who attained salvation,
Which is the tender sprout of the wish giving tree that showers,
The fulfillment of all the wishes and desires of your devotees,
Be firmly kept in my mind so that all my sorrows are destroyed,
And confer on me the flood of prosperity of the Supreme bliss. 100.10

Oh Lord of the universe , please pardon me for writing this stotra,
Without knowing your greatness properly and this prayer,
Having more than one thousand stanzas should be blessed,
by you with all your grace as this which is called Narayaneeyam,
Is both about Narayana as well that which is written by Narayana,
And as Vedas tell that God is one who is known by his incarnation,
This prayer has been well fortified by the stories on incarnation of God,
May kindly grant a healthy pleasant long life. 100.11

Dasakam 81-90 Translation

Dasakam 81-90

“ Ramanarayana” translation
Of Narayaneeyam

Dasakam 81 The marriage with Kalindhi and others as well stealing of Parijatha

(Lord Krishna then marries five more ladies in different circumstances. He kills Narakasura in Pragjyothishpura and later goes to Indra Loka with Sathyabhama and as per her request fought with Indra and brought Parijatha plant to Dwaraka. You also arranged Arjuna to get married to your sister Subhadra.)

You were specially dear To Sathyabhama who was loving and shy,
And along with her you attended the marriage of Panchali with Pandavas,
And later according to the wishes of sons of Kunthi you stayed for some time,
In Hasthinapuri and Oh Lord you returned to Dwaraka,
Only after helping them to construct the new town of Indraprastha. 81.1

Then Arjuna who was staying in your home in the guise of a sage,
Abducted with your permission your lovely and gracious sister Subadhra,
Whose hand was requested by Duryodhana from your elder brother Balarama,
And when this enraged Balarama ,you talked to him and made him agree ,
To the marriage of Arjuna and Subhadhra and to show your love to Arjuna,
You arrived in Indraprastha along with Sathyabhama and Balarama. 81.2

Not only that , while in Indraprastha, one day when you had gone for hunting,
In the forests in the banks of Yamuna you saw Kalindhi and accepted her as wife,
And later helped Arjuna in the burning of the forest at Gandawa and satisfied Agni,
And after that returned to Dwaraka and there you seized from the assembly of kings,
Mithravina, the daughter of your father’s sister , who was in love with you,
But scared to tell it openly due to her fear of her brothers. 81.3

After that you went to Kosala and subdued seven famous bulls,
Within an instant after assuming seven forms of Krishna at the same time,
And married Sathya the daughter of king Nagnajit, and later God,
You accepted the hand of Bhadra bestowed to you by her brothers ,
Sandhardhana and others, and fulfiller of our wishes,
She too was the daughter of your father’s sister , Sruthakeerthi. 81.4

After hitting the fish target looking only at its reflection in water,
Which even great heroes like Arjuna failed to do,
You married princes Lakshamana, who was the daughter of King of Madhra,
And like this the number of your wives became eight ,
Meanwhile from Devendra you came to know the evil deeds of son of earth. 81.5

By mere thought you summoned Garuda , the king of all birds,
And after climbing on him you seated Sathyabhama on your lap,
And went to the abode of the enemy as if you were going to a garden,
And as soon as reached there you powdered all the fortifications,
And by the flowing blood of the slain army ,
You proceeded to convert Pragjyothisha pura in to Sonithapura*. 81.6
*The city of blood

You then cut off all the heads of asura called Mura,
Who jumped at you from the middle of the ocean,
Very speedily using your holy wheel, and then killed,
Narakasura who came with sixty five , four tusked elephants,
And made him one who has climbed out of hell to heaven 81.7

Immediately Goddess earth came and praised you
And later you gave that kingdom to Bhagadatha the son of Narakasura,
And also gave him one of those elephants ,
And sent all other elephants to your own city of Dwaraka,
And freed sixteen thousand maidens who were kept in prison by Narakasura,
Who were also your devotees and also sent lot of wealth to Dwaraka. 81.8

Then you went to the heaven to return the ear globes of Adhithi,
Which was snatched from her earlier by Narakasura,
Along with Sathybhama whose beauty made deva maidens ashamed,
And you were shown proper hospitality by Devendra,
And later when you tried to snatch the parijatha plant from heaven,
Indra became very angry and fought with you and you defeated him,
And returned back to Dwaraka , demonstrating clearly to the world,
The evil consequence of arrogance born out of wealth. 81.9

Then you planted the Parijatha tree in the courtyard of Sathyabhama,
And also accepted the sixteen thousand ladies as your wives,
And due to your yogic power you assumed as many forms as there are ladies,
Entertained them separately and looked after each one of them with care and love,
And this caused great astonishment and surprise to Narada who visited you,
And later you begot ten children with each of them,
And Oh Lord of Guruvayur , please protect me. 81.10

Dasakam 82 War with Banasura and salvation of Nruga

(Anirudha was the grand son of Krishna through his son Pradhyumna begot through Rugmani. Usha the daughter of Banasura falls in love with him , Usha manages to abduct Anirudha, When Banasura who had due to his great devotion to Lord Shiva , had the God himself as his security guard imprisoned Anirdha,. In a grim battle with Banasura , Lord Shiva and Lord Skanda the son of Lord Shiva, Lord Krishna cuts off all but two hands of Banasura. He brings back Anirudha and Usha.)

Pradhymna you son begot through Rukhmani was kidnapped by Sambhara,
And you killed Sambhara and returned back along with Rati Devi,
And that Pradhyumna abducted the lucky daughter of Rugmi,
And later the good natured Anirudha who was the son of Pradhyumna,
Married Rochana who was the daughter of the son of Rugmi,
And you had attended this marriage and during this marriage,
Balarama killed Rugmi after quarreling with him over gambling. 82.1

Oh God, Usha the great daughter of the thousand handed Banasura,
Enjoyed in her dreams the company of your grandson Anirudha,
Whom she had never seen before and due to parting with him,
Suffered the pangs of separation from him. 82.2

When her friend Chithralekha who is a Yogini and also very clever,
Drew and showed her the pictures of all eligible youth,
And when Usha recognized Anirudha , Chithralekha,
Due to her yogic powers took away Anirudha ,
form your home of Dwaraka and gave him to her friend. 82.3

When Banasura who was a great devotee of Lord Shiva,
Found Anirudha enjoying his sweetheart in the Virgin house of his daughter
He imprisoned him and on hearing the news from Narada, you ,
Became very angry and encircled Sonithapura along with other Yadavas. 82.4

Lord Shiva the consort of the daughter of the mountain,
Who was the security guard of Bana’s palace,
Along with his Bhoothas stopped the army,
The mighty Bana speedily fought With Sathyaki,
And Lord Subrahmanya fought with Pradhyumna,
And you fought with the great Lord Shiva himself. 82.5

When you stopped all the arrows of Lord Shiva,
And rendered him unconscious by your Mohanasthra,
The scared Bhoothas ran away and you crushed all Pramadhas,
And Skanda was defeated by the arrows of Pradhyumna,
And Kumbhanda the minister was crushed like a pot by Balarama. 82.6

Then came Bana with five hundred arrows and opposed you mightily,
And soon returned when all his bows were completely shattered,
Then came the Siva fire which was burnt by the Vishnu fire,
And Siva fire realized the truth and praised you and it blessed
That those who understood this story would not be affected by any fever,
And went away and though Rudra’s followers are also intelligent,
Due to predominance of Thamas in them are generally cruel. 82.7

When you started cutting all the hands of Bana,
Who opposed you only due to his arrogance ,
And who was armed with very many weapons,
Except for two hands on each side of his body,
Lord Shankara suddenly woke up and praised you,
And as per the request of Lord Shiva ,
You let Bana have two hands on each side and made him fearless,
Because he was a devotee of Lords shiva and in turn,
Bana honoured and respected you, and you,
Retuned to Dwaraka along with Usha and Aniruddha. 82.8

Oh Lord , your incarnation as Krishna is the greatest because,
You again and again defeated Lord Devendra,
Defeated Varuna when he kidnapped Nandagopa,
Defeated Kala, the god of death , when you brought back your teacher’s son,
Defeated Agni when you swallowed the forest fire,
Defeated Lord Brahma when he stole the calves of Gokula,
And defeated Lord Shiva in this war with Bana. 82.9

Oh Lord of Guruvayur , you who sent to heaven the King Nruga,
Who was made in to a chameleon due to Brahmin’s curse,
And instructed your own people of the greatness,
Of Devotion to Brahmins , please save me. 82.10

Dasakam 83 Killing of Poundra and others

(An imposter called Poundraka Vasudeva claimed that he was the real Vishnu and dressed himself like that, Lord Krishna killed him as well as the king of Kasi who helped him. He then killed a Kruthya sent by the king of Kasi. Also He killed a monkey called Vividha who was a servant of Narakasura.)

Later when Balarama went to Gokula and wanted to play water sports,
With the Gopa maidens , the river Kalindi did not come near him when he called her,
And he using his plough drew the river near him and was happily spending his time,
A king called Poundraka Vasudeva who lost his wisdom
Due to the advice of his servants, sent an emissary to you. 83.1

That messenger when he was being jeered and laughed at,
By everyone in your court conveyed his king’s message,
“ I am the real incarnation of Vishnu and I understand,
That you also carry the emblems of Vishnu like me,
And so it is better if you discard them and submit to me.” 83.2

After the return of the emissary when you marched with the Yadava army,
To his place and saw him branded with the Srivathsa like symbol on his chest,
And with Kausthubha like costly gem tied around his neck,
And with fish like ear ornaments and also dressed in yellow silk. 83.3

When Paudraka threw at you a Wheel made of iron ,
You severed his neck with the real Sudarshana wheel,
Which was emitting fire sparks of ultimate destruction,
And also destroyed all his army and hurled ,
The head of his friend , the king of Kasi , in to town of Kasi. 83.4

That foolish Poundraka due to his foolishness,
As well as hearing childish advices from others,
Believed strongly for a long time that he was the real Vaasudeva,
And also believed that he and you are really one,
But he due to this belief attained salvation,
And so we do not know what actions lead to what results? 83.5

Then Sudakshina , who was one of the sons of king of Kasi,
Served Kasi Viswanatha and by black magic sent,
An evil spirit called Kruthya who had the form of fire,
Against you along with some Shivabhoothas,
Who were terribly scared of you in the war with Bana,
And with difficulty became the companions of this evil spirit. 83.6

When with legs as stout as a big Palmyra palm,
Kruthya was burning every thing on its way,
When the very scared citizens rushed to you,
Oh God, you did not move a bit from the game of dice,
That you were playing and sent your wheel of death. 83.7

When your Sudarshana wheel rushed towards it with great power,
The very mighty Kruthya retreated shouting alas, alas,
And burnt the Sudakshina who did the evil deeds,
And your Sudarshana wheel destroyed the city of Kasi. 83.8

Vividha who was a famous monkey who had helped you,
At the time of Rama in the tretha yuga, wanting to be killed,
By your partial incarnation during the Dwapara yuga became a bad one,
And became the minister of Narakasura and when he started troubling people,
And had a clash with Balarama near to the town of Dwaraka,
And fell down dead by a slap by the hand of Balarama. 83.9

When Samba was imprisoned when he tried to abduct ,
Lakshana who was the daughter of Duryodhana,
Balarama went to free him by conciliatory talks,
And when he was abused , he prepared to destroy Hasthinapura,
Fearing which Samba was set free and you did not send the yadava army,
At that time with the intention of killing of the Kaauravas by Pandavas,
And Oh God, I request you who is difficult to understand to save me. 83.10

Dasakam 84 The journey to Samanthakapanchaka

(Lord Krishna along with others went to the sacred waters of Samanthaka Panchaka and met all the Gopis including Radha there. He spent a few months in their company and returned back after consoling them through advice.)

Once during a solar eclipse , you entrusted ,
Dwaraka’s upkeep to Kruthavarma and Anirudha,
And went to a sacred spot called Samathapanchaka,
Along with Yadhavas and their womenfolk. 84.1

You did abulations there for the good of innumerable people,
Sanctified the sacred waters there , gave lot of gifts to Brahmins,
And mixed with your friends like Pandavas, Kauravas and others. 84.2

Panchali , the daughter of Drupada , who was your great devotee,
Met and mixed with all your wives and heard each of them describe,
How you took them as wife and was greatly delighted along with other women. 84.3

Oh God ,then you approached the Gopas with joy and respected them,
And with joy went near the Gopis who had become as thin as line,
Due to the great sorrow of staying away for long from you. 84.4

Then due to the joy of being able to meet with you again.
All their sorrow due to separation from you disappeared
From those Gopa beauties and their bosoms burst out of their blouses,
Due to the immense love towards you and due to familiarity with them,
You became close to them and one with them. 84.5

When you told Radha that , “it was only due to the,
Conflicts with enemies which happened again and again,
That I am late in meeting you “ and embraced her,
She was overwhelmed and completely merged with you. 84.6

During that time in privacy when you removed the sorrow of separation
From all of them and told them, “let the belief rise in your mind,
That I am the form of the glittering supreme divine joy,
And am also the real soul of all the beings that you see,”
And consoled them with this philosophical thought. 84.7

Due to the teaching of Udhava the pangs of separation,
With you was tinged with joy in their minds,
And due to your thoughts told to them,
Made them go into the state of permanent bliss. 84.8

Then your father asked the great assembled sages there,
About the rites that he has to perform to ward of evil,
And they told him that there was no need,
Because you God, was born as his son,
And though you did laugh loudly,
You made Vasudeva perform Yagas at that time. 84.9

Along with the very happy friends of yours,
When the great fire sacrifice was in progress,
The Gopas along with their friends,
Were respected by the Yadavas and enjoyed like old times,
The life with you for another three months. 84.10

At the time of separation you approached Radha,
And embraced her very tightly and seeing her,
To be free of all her sorrow you became happy,
And returned back to the city of Dwaraka,
And oh God of Guruvayur who did all that save me from my diseases. 84.11

Dasakam 85 Killing of Jarasandha and Sishupala

(When Lord Krishna visited Indra prastha to attend the Raja Sooya conducted by Yudhishtr, at the request of Yudhishtra , he visited Jarasandha and got him killed by Bheema. He also killed Shishupala who objected to his being worshipped after the Yaga.)

Then Oh Lord, twenty thousand eight hundred kings,
Who were caught and kept and tortured by Jarasandha,
Send an emissary to you , who is the only support ,
For people without any support and they ,
Requested you to completely eliminate Jarasandha. 85.1

Having decided to wage a war against Jarasandha,
Hearing from Narada that Dharmaputhra is planning to have a Rajassoya,
You becoming one who was not able to decide on the priority between these two,
And when Udhava told that since Rajasooya involved in making,
All other kings under you, these two aims can be carried out together,
Along with all related people you went to the kingdom of Yudhishtra. 85.2

Dharmaputhra who had collected lots of wealth and happiness.
Due to your grace through the victorious conquests by his brothers,
When you arrived at his capital along with your wives,
Oh God , who behaves as a slave to all your devotees,
Deputed you along with Arjuna and Bheema to Jarasandha. 85.3

As per his words , you three feigning to be Brahmins.
Entered Girivraja , the capital city of Maghadha,
And requested the king of Maghada for a festival of wrestling,
And since Jarasandha did not have sufficient merit to be killed by you,
You made Bheema to fight with Jarasandha ,
And preferred to watch the fight of kings along with Arjuna. 85.4

Jarasandha chose to fight ferociously along with lot of arrogance,
And was killed by Bhima by tearing him in to two pieces,
Following the hint you gave him by splitting a peace of wood,
And immediately you released all the kings held captive by Jarasandha,
With happiness and your gracious blessings and gave them great devotion to you,
And though they were all free from desires , deputed them ,
To do their own dharma of ruling the earth very properly. 85.5

After that when Yudhishtra performed Rajasuya sacrifice in a grand manner,
With the help of all kings who were pleased to help and others who were made slaves,
Oh Lord of the universe, you also contributed by washing the feet of Brahmins,
And how can the luck of Dharmaputhra br ever described. 85.6

And at Rajhasuya when Dharmaputhra wanted to perform the first honoured worship,
On the advice of his brother Sahadeva , did the special primary worship to you,
Who is the soul of soul of all beings living on the universe, with love and devotion,
And this made all the universe including men and devas very happy. 85.7

Wonder of wonders , at this time Shishupala told ,”When so many sages and great kings,
Are present here , it is shameful that the prime worship is being offered,
To a useless boy who is a cowherd” and also abused you in very many ways,
And lifting his weapons he jumped from his seat and ran towards you,
And due to this the enraged Pandavas rushed at him. 85.8

You then prevented people from both sides of any action,
And you yourself beheaded the enemy with your holy wheel,
Which is normally used to kill your Rakshasa enemies,
And that Shishupala , due to his permanent thought of you,
In his three births got the state of being one with you,
Which is extremely difficult even for great sages to attain. 85.9

Later you helped them complete the Raja suya sacrifice in a fitting manner,
And people shouted “Victory to Yudhishtra, Victory to Lord Krishna”,
And you returned home but the bad Duryodhana , becoming jealous ,
Of the great wealth oh his enemies stumbled in the assembly hall,
Constructed by Maya, becoming confused between,
Places filled with flowing water and places of firm ground. 85.10

When Bheema and Panchali laughed with derision at his confusion,
Oh Lord, you encouraged them in so doing by your mischievous glances,
And this immediately became the seed that would diminish the burden of earth,
And Oh Lord of Guruvayur who is like that, please cure me from all my diseases. 85.11

Dasakam 86 The killing of Sala and others and the Maha Bharatha war.

(Lord Krishna later killed king Sala who had obtained magical powers by penance . In the war between Pandavas and Kauravas, he gave his army to Kauravas and he himself became the charioteer of Arjuna. He helped Pandavas win the war in various ways and at the end saved the child in the womb of Abhimanyu’s wife , when Aswathama tried to kill it.)

The king sala who was defeated by the Yadavas during Rukhmani’s marriage,
Pleased Lord Shiva by his penance and earned an air plane called Soubha from him,
And when you were staying in the Kuru country , along with his magical powers,
He attacked Dwaraka and Pradhyumna along with all Yadavas ,
Fought with him and repelled his attack and killed his minister Dyuman,
Who was very powerful and the battle continued for twenty seven days. 86.1

Almost immediately you returned back with Balarama and joined the battle,
And fought with the Lord of Soubha who had almost completely lost his army,
And he also using his mace broke your bow which was named Saranga,
And not only that he killed before you Vasudeva created by his magical powers,
And it seems it made even you confused and jaded for some time,
Though Veda Vyasa says nothing like that happened to you. 86.2

With your mace you pulverized the plane called Soubha and mixed it in sea,
And speedily killed Salya by cutting his neck by your divine wheel Sudarshana,
And then Danda Vakra suddenly jumped from somewhere and beat you with his mace,
And even this one who was blessed was killed by you using your mace Koumodhaki,
And like Shishupala he also merged with your majesty , indicating the fact,
The incarnation of Krishna was taken so that all these people should get salvation. 86.3

After your coming from there , due to the doctored gambling ,
In the court of the Kouravas, when Panchali was dragged ,
And when she shouted for help when her cloths were removed,
From her body, due to your mercy her cloths became never ending,
And later when they were in the forest and when the food was exhausted,
In the Akshaya vessel after Panchali’s taking her food, and when called by her,
Out of fear to the sage Durvasa’s curse , you appeared before her,
And by taking a leaf of amaranthus , which was remaining in the vessel,
You satisfied the entire hunger of sage Durvasa and his disciples. 86.4

After further passage of time when the preliminary negotiations ,
Were being conducted before the Bhratha war , while Arjuna wanted only you,
You gave all your army to Duryodhana and also went as an emissary,
Of Pandavas to Hasthinapura and there you were honoured,
By elderly statesmen like Bheshma and Drona but was insulted,
By Duryodhana and you revealed your super cosmic form,
In the presence of sages , shook the whole city and returned back. 86.5

You then acted as the charioteer of Arjuna, and seeing him upset,
Over the necessity of killing friends and relations in the impending war,
You told him, “What is this my friend , you know well that this soul,
Is solitary and does not have death and so in the present war,
Think about who is the killer and who is the killed ? , and so,
Do not think , that you are killing some one and fight in the war,
And do your duty to uphold the Dharma of a kshatriya,”
And then you consoled him by showing your super cosmic form. 86.6

Then Bheeshma who was one of your foremost devotees,
Helped you with interest in your job of lessening the burden of earth,
By daily killing many thousands of kings and at a time ,
When Arjuna was weak, you broke your oath of not taking your weapon,
During this war and armed yourself with the divine wheel of yours,
And ran towards Bheeshma feigning anger and he received you,
With folded hands and with a bowed head and this ,
Made you show your joy at him and returned back.,
Possibly to fulfill the vow of Bheeshma that,
He will force you take up arms during the battle. 86.7

You saved Arjuna in the battle with Drona by receiving ,
The Narayana arrow sent by Bhagadatha riding on an elephant,
You punished Jayadradha by hiding the Sun by your sudarshana wheel,
Saved Arjuna from Nagasthra sent by Karna , by pushing ,
The chariot down and made the arrow take only his crown,
And like this you were definitely not the charioteer for the Pandavas. 86.8

Balarama who was armed with a plough , went on a pilgrimage,
At the start of the war and when he reached Naimisaranya,
He killed Sutha who did not honour him when he approached the place,
And appointed his son to continue reading the epics instead of him,
And he also killed Balala who used to hinder yagas during every full moon,
And visited several sacred waters and reached Kurukshetra, at the end of the war,
And understanding that he would not able to stop the wrestling ,
Between Bhima and Duryodhana returned back to your city Dwaraka. 86.9

Attacking the evil minded Aswathama who killed the sleeping sons of Pandavas,
Arjuna stopped the Brahmasthra sent by him according to your advice,
And scooped out the gem stone from his head and when again Aswathama ,
Sent a powerful arrow to exterminate the clan of Pandavas,
Oh Lord you assumed a form of the size of a thumb along with holy wheel,
And entered the womb of Uthara and protected her foetus. 86.10

After Bheesma who could choose the time of his death taught ,
Yudhishtra all the Dharmas , he being a very great devotee of yours,
Attained instant identity with supreme God due to his great devotion,
And later you made Yudhishtra happy by performance of Aswamedha sacrifice,
And returned back to Dwaraka and
oh Lord of Guruvayur , protect me from all my diseases 86.11

Dasakam 87 The story of Kuchela

(Kuchela who was a poor Brahmin class mate of Lord Krishna came to see him with a small quantity of beaten rice tied to his torn cloth. After receiving him well. Lord Krishna ate , one hand full of that beaten rice and was prevented from eating further by Rukhmani. Without asking anything when Kuchela went back home, he saw that Lord Krishna gave him immense wealth and prosperity.)

Kuchela a Brahmin householder who was studying along with you,
In the hermitage of Sandheepini, due to his very great devotion to you,
Led a life of extreme peace free from all worldly desires . 87.1

His wife though she was as peaceful as Kuchela,
Had not won the war with the mind like him,
And asked him one day, “Why are you not ,
Paying a visit to your friend and consort of Lakshmi ,
And request him for some means to make our ends meet. 87.2

When his wife who was suffering from hunger told like this,
Kuchela though he had hatred towards money that created pride,
Due to the desire to see you started his journey to see you, carrying,
A small quantity of beaten rice tied at the end off his cloth as offering to you. 87.3

Reaching your town of Dwaraka full of wonderful sights,
That Kuchela entered the house of Mithravinda,
Among the houses of your sixteen thousand eight consorts,
And felt as if he has entered Vaikunta and was charmed,
By the great hospitality shown by you towards him. 87.4

After doing all necessary treatments of hospitality ,
Including his being fanned by your consort Mithravinda,
You held the hands of Kuchela and reminded him ,
Of the great wetting that both of you had from a torrential rain,
When you both went to collect firewood as per wishes of your teacher’s wife. 87.5

Due to shyness when Kuchela hesitated to give the offering,
brought by him , you forcibly snatched it from his hand,
And by the time you took one hand full of that offering,
The very nervous Rukhmani who was goddess Lakshmi , rushed to that place ,
And stopped your hand saying, “Is this not enough?”. 87.6

Seeing your devotion to his devotees , the well looked after,
Kuchela pleasantly spent one night in the city of Dwaraka,
And next day returned back home without taking any money,
For is not your blessing of very many kinds? 87.7

Thinking of telling his wife, “If I had asked , he sure would have given,”
And also getting worried as to what he will tell his wife,
And slowly getting his mind drowned in your bewitching smile and acts,
He saw before him a mansion made of jewels. 87.8

Wondering for some time as to whether he missed his way,
He entered home and that Kuchela saw his wife amidst her friends,
And wearing several types of ornaments and jewels.
And understood that your mercy is greatly wonderful, 87.9

Though that Kuchela started living in that gem studded house,
His devotion daily increased more and more and he attained salvation,
Oh Lord of Guruvayur who fulfills wishes of devotees thus,
Please be kind enough to cure all my diseases. 87.10

Dassakam 88 Santhana Gopalam

(As per request of his mother Devaki, Lord Krishna brought back from the Suthala world a ll his dead siblings and later gave them salvation. He also helped Arjuna to keep up his promise of saving from death an expected child of a Brahmin , by taking him to Vaikunta. With this Chapter, the story of incarnation of Lord Krishna comes to an end.)

Hearing the news that you had brought back alive the dead sons of your teacher,
Devaki , your mother, who earlier itself wanted to see her six dead children ,
And on her request you brought those six sons who were earlier sons of Mareechi,
And later due to the curse of Brahma were reborn as sons of Hiranyakasipu,
From the land of Suthala by approaching Mahabali, who gave them to you,
And after showing them to your mother sent them back to your own place. 88.1

Once desirous of giving blessing to your great devotees,
Sruthadeva who was a very famous learned Brahmin,
And king Nahulaswa another of your greatest devotees ,
You went along with great many sages to the town of Mithila. 88.2

You took two different forms and reached,
Both their houses simultaneously,
And while one worshipped you in a very grand manner,
The other offered and worshipped you the food and vegetables ,
Which he managed to get as alms on that day, but you,
We re pleased with both of them and gave salvation to both. 88.3

Later when a Brahmin lamented at the death of his sons, one after another,
And when he cried, though you were the sustainer of the entire universe,
You consoled him saying that “Who can stop the results of Karma?”
And I think that you did like this in order to humble the pride of Arjuna,
And his misconception that you are but only an ordinary human being,
And to show him your abode Vaikunta and make him realize the great truth. 88.4

When the people started talking, “ Alas, This Brahmin has borne eight sons,
And it is due to the indifference of Krishna that they were not saved”,
And at that time Arjuna happened to visit your town of Dwaraka,
And was living there due to the close friendship with you,
And a ninth son was born to the Brahmin who also died,
And hearing the sorrowful wail of the Brahmin Arjuna took an oath that,
”If I do not succeed in saving this Brahmin’s next child, I would enter the fire.” 88.5

Then that very proud Arjuna went to the house of the Brahmin,
Without your knowledge and completely enveloped the labour room ,
By a fortress made out of his divine arrows and in spite of that,
When the new born baby suddenly died like the previous times,
Arjuna using his yogic powers reached the cities of Yama, Indra and other places,
And searched for the baby there and when all his efforts failed,
And was trying to immolate himself in fire, you stopped him. 88.6

Then you proceeded to the west along with Arjuna , in a super fast chariot,
Crossed the horizon, drove away the deep darkness there using your Sudarshana wheel,
And to Arjuna who was blinded by the strong rays of the Sudarshana,
You pointed out a place after the seven seas and told , “Look, look”,
And showed him your abode which is not touched by base qualities. 88.7

Hey Supreme God you along with your friend then saw yourself,
Lying on the bed of a serpent wearing divine ornaments,
Armed with divine weapons, wearing a robe of yellow silk,
With the black colour of the newly formed cloud,
Whose body shining with the deep luster of Goddess Lakshmi,
Who is the chief of the trinity of Gods, who is the greatest in all worlds,
Who is the only meaning of all Vedas and personification of salvation. 88.8

He told you both, “Wanting to see both , one a full incarnation of myself,
And another , a partial incarnation of myself but who does not know this fact,
I brought these sons of Brahmin over here and so take them back quickly’,
And handed over those boys whom you both accepted and they were handed,
Back to the Brahmin by you, who was praised greatly by the son of Pandu. 88.9

You are the Supreme Brahmam born to give salvation,
To all those who surrendered at your lotus like feet,
But have taken this incarnation with,
A so called cause of lightening the burden of earth,
And with sports such as these you were,
Entertaining the entire world as well as,
Performing several Aswamedha sacrifices,
Entertaining thousands of doe eyed damsels,
By your incomparable sports of love,
And exhibited a human form belonging to the Yadhu clan. 88.10

Oh God , at that time due to immense devotion towards you,
Sage Narada with mind immersed with bliss was mostly staying in Dwaraka,
And once Vasudeva you father who had done only good ,
Learnt the essence of philosophical knowledge from him,
And the great devotee and wise Udhava learnt this from you yourself,
And it is believed that for the sake of the good of the world,
To this day he is staying in the Badrikashrama. 88.11

Oh God , this Krishna incarnations of yours surpasses your other incarnations,
For all the people everywhere using the yoga of friendship, fear , love, hatred,
And attachment , which are incomparable and devoid of any pain of this incarnation,
Have crossed all types of sorrows and easily attained salvation,
Oh Lord of Guruvayur, please eradicate all the afflictions of this world,
And instill in every one the feeling of the acme of supreme devotion. 88.12

Dasakam 89 The story of Vrukasura and testing of Bhrugu.

(Vrukasura also called Basmasura did penance to Lord shiva who can be easily and got a born being able to kill any body by placing their hand on their head. He wanted to test the efficacy of the boon on Lord Shiva himself, Lord Vishnu saved him by making the asura keep his hand on his head himself. This proves that though Lord Vishnu is difficult to please , his devotees are good people.
Some sages doing penance in the banks of river Saraswathi sent sage Bhrugu to test as to who is superior among Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu. When he went and abused Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma both of them got angry .Lord Vishnu , not only did not get angry but treated the sage with hospitality.)

I understand , Oh consort of Lakshmi that prosperity does not ,
Increase suddenly to your devotees because it also increases their pride,
And because of this you bless them with prosperity and wealth,
Only after they have attained the state of perfect mental tranquility,
But in case one has it already , there is no delay in granting him wealth. 89.1

Oh Lord , some devotees depending on their natural inclinations,
Worship Shiva, Brahma etc who are easy to please and easily get angry,
Alas, such people due to their lack of foresight come to grief,
And the perfect example for this is the story of Vrikasura. 89.2

Once Vrikasura , the son of Shakuni approached sage Narada ,
And asked him about the God who would be easily and speedily pleased,
And he counseled him to meditate on Lord Shiva and did not suggest you,
Because you are not favourably inclined towards bad people. 89.3

By doing very great penance That Vrikasura became very impatient,
And on the seventh day , he started to cut off his own head,
To offer in fire and Lord Shiva , the destroyer of three cities came before him,
And the asura requested for a base and very horrible boon , of his becoming,
Able to make any one in die just by placing his hand on the head of the person,
Indicating the fact that people who are not your devotees will not have good sense. 89.4

As soon as the boon was granted , he jumped and went near Lord shiva himself,
Similar to a freed lion jumping at the person who helped to free him,
And Lord Shiva became very scared of the asura and started running,
To various different places and since no body was able to help him,
Came to your place and you seeing Lord Shiva from a distance,
Took the form of A Brahmachari and approached the Asura,
Even before he could approach the very gates of Vaikunta. 89.5

When you told him, “Oh Son of Shakuni , victory to you,
Why are you running hither and thither hearing the words of a ghost?
Suppose you do not have any belief in me , can you not place your hand on your head,”
And that foolish Asura who believed all that you told him,
Kept his own hand on his own head and fell dead like a log,
And like this destruction is definite to those who pray to other Gods,
And not only that even for Shiva you are the only support. 89.6

Some saints who were doing penance in the banks of river Saraswathi,
Wanting to know who has maximum sathva qualities among the trinity ,
Deputed, sage Brugu to find it out and when he approached Brahma,
And showed disrespect to him, he got extremely angry but controlled his temper,
But in case of Lord Shiva , he was so irked that he rushed to kill the saint,
But was prevented by Goddess Parvathi from doing it and then he came to you. 89.7

That Brahmin kicked you , who was lotus eyed and was lying with your head,
On the lap of Goddess Lakshmi but without showing any displeasure ,
You suddenly got up , and told him, “ Oh sage ,please pardon me ,
Let your foot print become a permanent decoration on my body.” 89.8

Those sages on the bank of river Saraswathi having understood,
That you possessed Sathvic qualities to the highest degree possible,
Kept the greatest devotion on you and over time attained salvation,
Oh Achyutha who is the personification of sole Sathva guna aspect,
Without any further delay, we will worship you only. 89.9

Oh Lord of Guruvayur who was praised like the minstrels,
By the Vedas at the time of formation of this universe,
Who is the form of pure divine and endless joy,
Who is the form of the divine Brahmam ,
Who is the sum total of the luck of Gopis,
Oh Lord Vishnu, Oh God who is in everything,
I pray you so that all my sorrows come to an end. 89.10

Dasakam 90 Establishment of the greatness of Vishnu

(The author puts up several points of arguments to prove that Lord Vishnu , who is pre dominantly Sathvic is the greatest among the trinity of gods. From this chapter, the story telling is over. Theories and philosophy are explained till the last chapter where a description of the Lord is given.)

Oh Lord, Oh Supreme, being From the stories of Vrukasura ,Sage Brugu ,
And Ambreeksha, it has been established in the great epic Bhagawatha,
That your power wins over the powers of all devas including Shiva and Brahma,
And it has also been told that you are the one who shines as the power,
Which cannot be defined and is different from the attribute less,
And fully described aspects of Supreme Brahman . 90.1

In the five fold aspect* of God namely Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva , Ishwara and Sadashiva,
The fifth aspect Sadashiva is you yourself , who is the form of the divine spirit,
And also the form Ishwara also denotes you as the one who resides in Vaikunta,
And you are also the one who manifests yourself as the holy trinity in Sathya Loka 90.2
*Five fold aspect is the theory of Shaivites

Among the trinity you as the pure Sathvik form of Vishnu ,
For Brahma has less of Sathva Guna and more of Rajo Guna,
And in your form as Shiva there is an abundance of Sathwa Guna,
And acts which are having a higher aspect of Thamo Guna. 90.3

You are that state of pure consciousness’ which is the Ishwara ,
Who is above the holy trinity and you being the cause of all beings,
Are worshipped as the Shiva aspect by the very wise persons,
And there are also many proofs that that Shiva is only one aspect of you. 90.4

Even the very godly Adhi shankara worshipped you primarily,
Among those God forms which were known by attributes,
And he is free of any bias for he wrote commentaries ,
On Vishnu Sahasranama and when he attained salvation,
He went that way singing your praises. 90.5

This great saint has mentioned in his book of philosophy of chants,
You who is the god of all with the luster of the blue lotus flower,
And one who is above the holy trinity as the Lord of the universe,
And after advising attribute less worship of the Pranava Mantra,
He has pointed you as the one best for meditation with attributes. 90.6

In Purana Sangraha an abstract of all known epics , without any doubt,
Your greatness only has been described and it has been told,
That your Vaikunta is above the places of the holy trinity,
In the Sathya loka and a similar status is not given to Lord Shiva. 90.7

Sri Vidyaranya who was a devotee of Lord Shiva in his book Puranasara,
Has mentioned the names of Hari and Shiva to that form , which was shown,
To Lord Brahma in the Brhama kalpa and which has been ,
Mentioned in the second chapter of the MahaBhagawatha. 90.8

Those who worship Shiva due to their in born tendencies, get results of such worship,
By their extreme devotion to God Shiva , and it is keeping in view
The needs of such persons, that Veda Vyasa in Puranas like Skanda,
Has depreciated you for the sake of pointing primacy of Lord Shiva. 90.9

Arthavada is of three types namely praise whatever is the real truth,
Argue and point out that whatever does not exist , really exists,
And tell that, that which exists , does not really exist,
And is meant to make you interested in whatever one is describing,
And the mention in Skandapurana and other Puranas,
That Lord Vishnu has thamo Guna and that he was defeated, he was given advice,
Are Arthavadas meant to prove that Other Gods are superior. 90.10

Oh God , though I am an ignorant one , I happened to tell some things,
And all of them are mentioned in the science of chants,
And of Lord of Guruvayur whose glory has been extolled in Bhagawatha,
Which is the absolute essence of what all that sage Vyasa wrote,
Please remove all my ailments and grant me firm devotion. 90.11